It’s not just computers—hacking is everywhere. Legendary cybersecurity expert and The New York Times best-selling author Bruce Schneier reveals how using a hacker’s mindset can change how you think about your life and the world
A hack is any means of subverting a system’s rules in unintended ways. The tax code isn’t computer code, but a series of complex formulas. It has vulnerabilities; we call them “loopholes.” We call exploits “tax avoidance strategies.” And there is an entire industry of “black hat” hackers intent on finding exploitable loopholes in the tax code. We call them accountants and tax attorneys. In A Hacker’s Mind, Bruce Schneier takes hacking out of the world of computing and uses it to analyse the systems that underpin our society: from tax laws to financial markets to politics. He reveals an array of powerful actors whose hacks bend our economic, political and legal systems to their advantage, at the expense of everyone else.
Once you learn how to notice hacks, you’ll start seeing them everywhere—and you’ll never look at the world the same way again. Almost all systems have loopholes and this is by design. Because if you can take advantage of them, the rules no longer apply to you. Unchecked, these hacks threaten to upend our financial markets, weaken our democracy and even affect the way we think. And when artificial intelligence starts thinking like a hacker—at inhuman speed and scale—the results could be catastrophic.
But for those who would don the “white hat”, we can understand the hacking mindset and rebuild our economic, political and legal systems to counter those who would exploit our society. And we can harness artificial intelligence to improve existing systems, predict and defend against hacks and realise a more equitable world.
"A Hacker's Mind… sheds vital light on the beginnings of our journey into an increasingly complex world." — Becky Hogge, Financial Times
"Schneier sees everything from tax avoidance to electoral gerrymandering as hacking and suggests that the hackers we should worry about are not teenagers in hooded sweatshirts, but accountants, lawyers and lobbyists in suits." — Ethan Zuckerman, Prospect
"An essential new perspective on hacking: the bad and the ugly, but also a surprisingly optimistic way of using a hacker mentality to solve society’s complex problems." — Marietje Schaake, international policy director at Stanford University Cyber Policy Centre and member of European Parliament, 2009–2019
"A Hacker’s Mind brilliantly explains how our society and democracy are being shaped by people taking the ‘hacking’ mentality into realms that weren’t designed to be hacked. Bruce Schneier shows how hacking, the tool of the rebel and the outsider, can also be used by the rich and powerful to win in business and politics, at great cost to the civic commitment needed for our free society. A great read and an important book!" — Timothy H. Edgar, author of Beyond Snowden
"They say that rules are made to be broken, but more often rules are gamed, finessed, worked around, or subverted—in short, hacked. No one is better equipped than Bruce Schneier to explain how this often-perverse use of human ingenuity can undermine the institutions that civilized life depends on. A Hacker’s Mind is an important source of new insights on the forces that can sap the vigor and integrity of modern society." — Steven Pinker, Johnstone Family Professor of Psychology, Harvard University, and author of Rationality